Surgeon's knots are used in fly fishing, in tying quilts, for tying knots with twine ; some sources categorize the surgeon's knot as a bend. Like the reef knot, the surgeon's knot capsizes and fails if one of the working ends is pulled away from the standing end closest to it. List of bend knots List of binding knots List of knots Video instructions for tying a Surgeon's Knot used for wound closure Video instructions for tying a Surgeon's Knot for fishing knot use. Carrick bend The Carrick bend known as the Sailor's breastplate , is a knot used for joining two lines.
It is appropriate for heavy rope or cable, too large and stiff to be formed into other common bends, it will not jam after carrying a significant load or being soaked with water. As with many other members of the basket weave knot family, the carrick bend's aesthetically pleasing interwoven and symmetrical shape has made it popular for decorative purposes. In heraldry , this known as the "Wake knot" or "Ormonde knot", due to being used as a heraldic badge of various families; this knot's name dates back to at least , when it was included in a nautical bilingual dictionary authored by Daniel Lescallier.
Its origins prior to that are not known with certainty. There are several possible explanations for the name "Carrick" being associated with this bend; the Elizabethan era plasterwork of Ormonde Castle in Carrick-on-Suir shows numerous carrick bends molded in relief. Or the name may come from Carrick Roads -- a large natural anchorage by Falmouth in England. The name may have been derived from the Carrack , a medieval type of ship. The eight crossings within the carrick bend allow for many similar-looking knots to be made; the lines in a "full" or "true" carrick bend alternate between under at every crossing.
There are two ways the ends can emerge from the knot: diagonally opposed or from the same side; the latter form is called the double coin knot. The form with the ends emerging diagonally opposed is considered more secure.
With so many permutations, the carrick bend is prone to being tied incorrectly; the carrick bend called full carrick bend, sailor's knot, anchor bend, is the nearest thing we have to a perfect bend. It is symmetrical, it is easy to tie, it does not slip in wet material, it is among the strongest of knots, it cannot jam and is untied.
To offset this array of excellencies is the sole objection that it is somewhat bulky; the carrick bend is tied in a flat interwoven form as shown above. Without additional measures it will collapse into a different shape when tightened, a process known as capsizing , with the degree of capsizing depending on the looseness of the weave.
This capsized form is both secure and stable once tightened, although it is bulkier than the seized form below. Incomplete capsizing resulting from a tight weave produces a form, secure and stable, but, more difficult to untie, countering one of the advantages of the carrick bend; when the knot is allowed to capsize under tension, considerable slippage of line through the knot can occur before tightening, so the knot should be set before loading to avoid this slippage in use.
In the interest of making the carrick bend easier to untie when tied in large rope, the ends may be seized to prevent the knot from collapsing when load is applied; this practice keeps the knot's profile flatter and can ease its passage over capstans or winches. The ends are traditionally seized to their standing part using a round seizing.
For expediency, a series of double constrictor knots, drawn tight, may be used; when seizing the carrick bend, both ends must be secured to their standing parts or the bend will slip. In the decorative variation, both standing ends enter from one side and both working ends exit from the other. In this configuration the knot is known as double coin knot; this form of the carrick bend is found depicted in heraldry, sometimes with the tails of heraldic serpents woven into this knot. In heraldry the knot is known under the name Wake knot, it is depicted in the coat of arms of Bourne Town Council, Lincolnshire.
The knot can be tied using doubled lines for an flatter, more elaborate appearance. A doubled carrick bend was used to ornamentally secure the lanyards on the breastplate of the US Navy Mark V diving helmet during inspection and between dives; when the ends of the carrick bend are connected together, or more hidden behind the knot, it becomes a carrick mat.
This same configuration is one of the most basic Turk's head knots; the interwoven diagonal carrick bend is the most secure variation. All other forms are inferior and not recommended as bends. List of bend knots List of knots Grog. Animated carrick bend video and step by step process. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tying [ edit ] To tie, take a single turn or a round turn around the post. Bight Loop Turn List of knots List of knot terminology.
Chain sinnet Sheepshank. Hangman's Running bowline Running highwayman's hitch Tarbuck. Lists of knots Related topics. Categories : Hitch knots. Blood knot. Related Images. YouTube Videos. In its simplest form, it consists of a spool attached to a hand crank. Anchor winch of the polar research vessel Polarstern. Example of winch designed for wakeboarding.
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These winches consist of a small four-cycle gasoline engine, clutch, and spool all housed inside of a steel frame. A rider is towed rapidly toward the winch as the rope winds around the spool.
Practical knots may be classified as hitches, bends, splices, or knots. A hitch fastens a rope to another object; a bend unites two rope ends; a splice is a multi-strand bend or loop. Artwork with different knots. Sailors learning knots and ropework in the early 20th century.
A bollard is a sturdy, short, vertical post. The term originally referred to a post on a ship or quay used principally for mooring boats, but is now also used to refer to posts installed to control road traffic and posts designed to prevent ram raiding and car ramming attacks.
Mooring bollards, such as this one in the Hudson River in September , were the first type of bollard: the use of the term has since expanded. Six bollards stand in front of the building. Five bollards stand beyond the arch, apparently placed to protect it from vehicle damage. Merwede-Canal, Utrecht , Netherlands features bollards made from cannons. In knot tying, a bight is a curved section or slack part between the two ends of a rope, string, or yarn. A knot that can be tied using only the bight of a rope, without access to the ends, is described as in the bight. An open loop of rope. Sources differ on whether this is a bight.
This knot and the triple fisherman's knot are the variations used most often in climbing, arboriculture, and search and rescue. The fisherman's knot is a bend with a symmetrical structure consisting of two overhand knots, each tied around the standing part of the other. Other names for the fisherman's knot include: angler's knot, English knot, halibut knot, waterman's knot.
The harness knot is a general purpose bend knot used to join two ropes together. The knot can be tied under tension and will not capsize. It is practical for joining lines of different diameter or rigidity. A Zeppelin bend is a general-purpose bend knot.
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It is a secure, easily tied, and jam-resistant way to connect two ropes. Zeppelin bend forming a loop: the four stages of the method starting with a "clover leaf" - flattened overhand knot; Red line: ends of the overhand knot, Green line: ends of the underhand. The bottle sling is a knot which can be used to create a handle for a glass or ceramic container with a slippery narrow neck, as long as the neck widens slightly near the top.
Historically, large sacks often contained grains; thus the association of these knots with the miller's trade. Several knots are known interchangeably by these three names. The reef knot, or square knot, is an ancient and simple binding knot used to secure a rope or line around an object. It is sometimes also referred to as a Hercules knot.
The knot is formed by tying a left-handed overhand knot and then a right-handed overhand knot, or vice versa. The reef knot can capsize spill when one of the free ends is pulled outward. The Bowline on a bight is a knot which makes a pair of fixed-size loops in the middle of a rope. Its advantage is that it is reasonably easy to untie after being exposed to a strain.
This knot can replace the figure-eight knot when tying into a climbing harness. Turns can be made around various objects, through rings, or around the standing part of the rope itself or another rope. A turn also denotes a component of a knot. A: An open loop. The riding turn of this strangle knot passes from the upper left to lower right.
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First published in , it was the culmination of over 11 years of work. The book contains exactly numbered entries and an estimated illustrations. Although Ashley was an esteemed painter, the cover illustration was painted by George Giguere. It shows a sailor displaying a Tom fool's knot. The butterfly bend is a knot used to join the ends of two ropes together.
It is the analogous bend form of the butterfly loop, in that it is the butterfly loop with the loop cut. All of these knots are rectangular and lie in a plane. They are named after plait-woven baskets, which have a similar appearance.
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A carrick bend knot with a 2x3 rectangular grid superimposed upon it. A diagram of a basket weave knot on a 3x5 rectangular grid.